Happy New Year 2023



Only One Wish for 2023




Motivation Formula

Motivation = (Expectancy X Value) / (Impulsiveness X Delay)
  • Expectancy : How likely you feel you’ll succeed
  • Value : What you’ll gain from succeeding
  • Impulsiveness : Your natural inclination to put things off
  • Delay : How much time you have to complete the task

Add it up, and the result is your current level of motivation. 

The less confident you are, the less exciting the outcome, the longer you have to get it done … the more likely you are to put it off.





Happy Children’s Day






Trilemma of International Finance

Trilemma of International Finance

The relative value of any two curren-
cies—the exchange rate—is determined
through their sale and purchase on the global foreign exchange market. If government policy interferes with this market by changing the relative supply or demand of currencies, the exchange rate is managed.

The trilemma of international finance, is a restriction on government policy that follows immediately from the interaction of exchange rates, monetary policy and international capital flows.


Trilemma of International Finance

The trilemma states that any country can have only two of the following:

  • (1) Unrestricted international capital markets.
  • (2) A managed exchange rate.
  • (3) An independent monetary policy.

If the government wants a managed exchange rate but does not want to interfere
with international capital flows, it must use
monetary policy to accommodate changes
in the demand for its currency in order to
stabilize the exchange rate.

In the extreme, this would take the form of a currency board arrangement, where the domestic currency is fully backed by a foreign currency (as in the case of Hong Kong).

In such a situation, monetary policy can no longer be used for domestic purposes (it is no longer independent).

If a country wishes to maintain control over monetary policy to reduce domestic unemployment or inflation, for example, it must limit trades of its currency in the international capital market (it no longer has free international capital markets).

A country that chooses to have both unrestricted inter-national capital flows and an independent monetary policy can no longer influence its exchange rate and, therefore, cannot have a managed exchange rate.



Pieters and Vivanco (2016), government
attempts to regulate the globally accessible
bitcoin markets are generally unsuccessful,
and, as shown in Pieters (2016), bitcoin exchange rates tend to reflect the
market, not official exchange rates.

Should the flows allowed by bitcoin become big enough, all countries will have, by default, unrestricted international capital markets.

Thus, with bitcoin, (1) unrestricted
international capital markets is chosen by
default.

Therefore, the only remaining policy choice is between (2) managed exchange rates or (3) independent monetary policy.

If the country chooses (1) and (2), it must use reactive monetary policy to achieve the managed exchange rate.

If the country chooses (1) and (3), it must have a floating exchange rate because it has no remaining tools with which to maintain a managed exchange rate.

Ali et al. (2014), the European Central
Bank (2015) and the Bank for International
Settlements (2015) all concur that cryptocur-
rencies may eventually undermine monetary policy.





With 💚

Au – 💲 – ₿



Gold is a chemical element with the symbol Au (from Latin: aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.

It is a bright, slightly orange-yellow, dense, soft, malleable, and ductile metal in a pure form.

Chemically, gold is a transition metal and a group 11 element. It is one of the least reactive chemical elements and is solid under standard conditions.

Gold often occurs in free elemental (native) form, as nuggets or grains, in rocks, veins, and alluvial deposits. It occurs in a solid solution series with the native element  silver (as electrum), naturally alloyed with other metals like copper and palladium, and mineral inclusions such as within pyrite.

Less commonly, it occurs in minerals as gold compounds, often with tellurium (gold tellurides).

A relatively rare element, gold is a precious metal that has been used for coinage,  jewelry, and other arts throughout recorded history.

In the past, a gold standard was often implemented as a monetary policy.

Still, gold coins ceased to be minted as a circulating currency in the 1930s, and the world gold standard was abandoned for a fiat currency system after 1971.

As of 2017, the world’s largest gold producer by far was China, with 440 tonnes per year.

A total of around 201,296 tonnes of gold exists above ground, as of 2020. This is equal to a cube with each side measuring roughly 21.7 meters (71 ft).

Gold’s high malleability, ductility, resistance to corrosion and most other chemical reactions, and conductivity of electricity have led to its continued use in corrosion-resistant electrical connectors in all types of computerized devices (its chief industrial use).

The world consumption of new gold produced is about 50% in jewelry, 40% in investments and 10% in industry.

Gold is also used in infrared shielding,  colored-glass production, gold leafing, and tooth restoration. Certain gold salts are still used as anti-inflammatories in medicine.



F I A T


Fiat money (from Latinfiat“let it be done”) is a type of money that is not backed by any commodity such as gold or silver, and typically declared by a decree from the government to be legal tender.

Throughout history, fiat money was sometimes issued by local banks and other institutions. In modern times, fiat money is generally established by government regulation.

Yuan dynasty banknotes are a
medieval form of fiat money

Fiat money does not have intrinsic value  and does not have use value. It has value only because the people who use it as a medium of exchange agree on its value. They trust that it will be accepted by merchants and other people.

Fiat money is an alternative to commodity money, which is a currency that has intrinsic value because it contains a precious metal such as gold or silver which is embedded in the coin.

Fiat also differs from representative money, which is money that has intrinsic value because it is backed by and can be converted into a precious metal or another commodity.

Fiat money can look similar to representative money (such as paper bills), but the former has no backing, while the latter represents a claim on a commodity (which can be redeemed to a greater or lesser extent).

Government-issued fiat money  banknotes  were used first during the 11th century in China.

Fiat money started to predominate during the 20th century.

Since President Richard Nixon‘s decision to default on the US dollar convertibility to gold in 1971, a system of national fiat currencies has been used globally.

Fiat money can be:

  • Any money that is not backed by a commodity.
  • Money declared by a person, institution or government to be legal tender, meaning that it must be accepted in payment of a debt in specific circumstances.
  • State-issued money which is neither convertible through a central bank to anything else nor fixed in value in terms of any objective standard.
  • Money used because of government decree.
  • An otherwise non-valuable object that serves as a medium of exchange (also known as fiduciary money.)

The term fiat derives from the Latin word  fiat, meaning “let it be done” used in the sense of an order, decree or resolution.


Bitcoin – Digital Gold

The most common, and best, ways to think about bitcoin is as “digital gold”.

Like gold, bitcoin doesn’t rely on a central issuer, can’t have its supply manipulated by any authority, and has fundamental properties long considered important for a monetary good and store of value.

Unlike gold, bitcoin is extremely easy and cheap to “transport”, and trivial to verify its authenticity.

Bitcoin is also “programmable”. This means custody of bitcoin can be extremely flexible. It can be split amongst a set of people (“key holders”), backed up and encrypted, or even frozen-in-place until a certain date in the future. This is all done without a central authority managing the process.

You can walk across a national border with bitcoin “stored” in your head by memorizing a key.

The similarities to gold, plus the unique features possible because bitcoin is purely digital, give it the “digital gold” moniker.

Sharing fundamental properties with gold means it shares use-cases with gold, such as hedging inflation and political uncertainty.

But being digital, bitcoin adds capabilities that are especially relevant in our modern electronic times.

The world does indeed need a digital version of gold.


People’s Money



With 💚

#1 Book of the Year I recomend reading…

“Ego is the Enemy”


“Re-read it each year. It’s that important.”

Derek Sivers, author of “Anything you want”

“This is a book I want every athlete, aspiring leader, entrepreneur, thinker and doer to read. Ryan Holiday is one of the most promising young writers of his generation.”

George Raveling, Hall of Fame Basketball Coach

“Ryan Holiday is one of his generation’s finest thinkers, and this book is his best yet.”

Steven Pressfield, author of “The War of Art” and “Gates of Fire

“Ryan Holiday has written a brilliant and engaging book, well beyond his years… It is invaluable.”

Brian Koppelman, screenwriter and director, “Rounders”, “Ocean’s Thirteen” and “Billions”

Ego Is the Enemy

“While the history books are filled with tales of obsessive, visionary geniuses who remade the world in their image with sheer, almost irrational force, I’ve found that history is also made by individuals who fought their egos at every turn, who eschewed the spotlight, and who put their higher goals above their desire for recognition.” – from the Prologue

Many of us insist the main impediment to a full, successful life is the outside world. In fact, the most common enemy lies within: our ego. Early in our careers, it impedes learning and the cultivation of talent. With success, it can blind us to our faults and sow future problems. In failure, it magnifies each blow and makes recovery more difficult. At every stage, ego holds us back.

The Ego is the Enemy draws on a vast array of stories and examples, from literature to philosophy to history. We meet fascinating figures like Howard Hughes, Katharine Graham, Bill Belichick, and Eleanor Roosevelt, all of whom reached the highest levels of power and success by conquering their own egos. Their strategies and tactics can be ours as well.

But why should we bother fighting ego in an era that glorifies social media, reality TV, and other forms of shameless self-promotion?  Armed with the lessons in this book, as Holiday writes, “you will be less invested in the story you tell about your own specialness, and as a result, you will be liberated to accomplish the world-changing work you’ve set out to achieve.


RYAN HOLIDAY


Ryan Holiday is a strategist and writer. He dropped out of college at nineteen to appren­tice under Robert Greene, author of “The 48 Laws of Power”, and later served as the director of mar­keting for American Apparel.

His company, Brass Check, has advised clients like Google, TASER, and Complex, as well as many prominent bestselling authors.

Holiday has written four previous books, most recently The Obstacle Is the Way, which has been translated into seventeen languages and has a cult following among NFL coaches, world-class athletes, TV personalities, political leaders, and others around the world.

He lives on a small ranch outside Austin, Texas. 


Made with 💚 by Free Spirit

✌ & 💚


Did you find this article helpful?

If so, please consider a donation to help the evolution and development of more helpful articles in the future, and show your support for alternative articles.

Your generosity is 💚ly appreciated.

You can donate in any crypto your 💚 desires 😊

Thank you all for your time ! 🤗 !

✌ & 💚


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LiteCoin(LTC) :

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Ethereum(ETH) :

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EthereumClassic(ETC) :

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Cardano(ADA) :

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BinanceCoin(BNB) :

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BitcoinCash (BCH)

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Bitcoin SV (BSV)

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Dash(DASH) :

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Shiba(SHIB) :

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Tron(TRX) :

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Stellar(XLM) :

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AltCoin Stores

ALT Coin Stores and Services List

This page is to promote actual stores and people who sell services for ALTcoins.

What is most important, is to spread the word and make people aware of the widespread adoption of the cryptocurrencies all around the globe and in all layers of life !!!

*Not Updated… Work in Progress...

Stores selling goods NexWave – http://www.nexwave.ca

Coin payments processed Coaex – Buy custom gold bars, gold bullion, silver and jewelry – http://www.coaex.com/ – BTC, LTC, DOGE, BC, NOBL, FTC   

CoinCable Mining Supplies    – https://coincable.com    – BTC, LTC, PPC, NVC, XPM, YAC, PayPal

Crypto Coin Wallet Cards    – http://www.cryptocoinwalletcards.com    – LTC

Register domain using Bitcoin and Litecoin    – http://www.lovingdomains.com    – BTC, LTC, NMC, PPC, NVC

Pay hosting with Bitcoin and Litecoin    – http://www.lovinghosting.com    – BTC, LTC, NMC, PPC,

NVC Amazonia Imports    – http://btcpipeshop.com    – 42, ANC, BTC, BC, BQC, CAT, CGB, DGC, DMD, DOGE, DVC, FRC, FRK, FST, FTC, GLD, LTC, MAX, MZC, MEC, NET, NMC, NVC, NXT, PPC, QRK, RED, SBC, SPT, STR, SXC, TRC, UNO, WDC, XPM, & ZET

WROL.INFO – Survival Supplies    – http://wrol.info    – BTC, LTC, FTC, NMC, NVC, TRC, XPM, KGC, RED, ORB, BQC, CGB, DVC, CAP, DGC, GLD, YAC, QRK, ZET

NewsBam Usenet Services    – http://www.newsbam.com    – BTC, LTC, STR, FTC, NMC, PPC, NVC, WDC, TRC, XPM, IFC, KGC, RED, ORB, BQC, CGB, DVC, CAP, DGC, GLD, YAC,

SXC Cryptobooks – Buy eBooks with with cryptocurrency    – http://www.cryptobooks.com    – BTC, LTC, FTC, PPC, DVC, SXC

Bitezze – Buy precious metals with cryptocurrency    – http://bitezze.com    – BTC, LTC, STR, FTC, NMC, PPC, NVC, WDC, TRC, XPM, IFC, KGC, RED, BQC, CGB, DVC, CAP, DGC, GLD, YAC, SXC, ADT, MEC, ANC, ZET, NET, PayPal Passthru

CryptoDirect    – http://www.cryptodirect.cf    – BTC, LTC, FTC, PPC, NVC, WDC, XPM, IFC, DGC, ANC, QRK, ZET, NET, FRC

Cheap Miners – Cheap ASIC miners and accessories    – http://www.cheapminers.com    – BTC, LTC, XPM

Dahms Weinversand – German Wine Home Delivery    – http://www.dahms-weinversand.de   

4:19 Store    – http://www.419store.com    Crypto Game Keys    – http://www.cryptogamekeys.com    – BTC, LTC, NMC, PPC, NVC, WDC, XPM, IFC, KGC, RED, ORB, BQC, CGB, DVC, CAP, DGC, GLD, SXC, ADT, MEC, QRK, ZET, NET, FRK, COL, SBC

VPS City    – http://www.vps-city.com    – LTC, PayPal Passthru

Thermostats, actuators and controllers    – http://www.thermostatenshop.nl    – BTC

Electric heating appliances    – http://www.budgetheat.eu    – BTC

Romer and 2HEAT far infrared panels    – http://www.infraroodpanelen.eu    – BTC

Outdoor- and ramp heating    – http://www.opritverwarmingen.eu    – BTC

Ceramic heating elements    – http://www.keraheat.com    – BTC Distinguished

Imports    – https://distinguishedimports.com    – BTC, LTC, PPC

GameCardVN    – http://gamecardsvn.com   

Verbena Products – Family owned online store specializing in bringing our customers high end Health and Beauty products at very competitive prices.    – https://www.verbenaproducts.com    – BTC, LTC, PPC

Cryptocoin Stuff!    – http://www.cryptocoinstuff.com    – BTC, LTC, FTC, NMC, PPC, NVC, WDC, TRC, XPM, IFC, KGC, RED, ORB, BQC, CGB, DVC, CAP, DGC, GLD, YAC, SXC, ADT, MEC, ANC, QRK, ZET, NET, FRK, COL, SBC, FRC

Retro Towers    – http://www.retrotowers.co.uk    – BTC, LTC, FTC, NMC, PPC, NVC, WDC, TRC, XPM, IFC, KGC, RED, ORB, BQC, CGB, DVC, CAP, DGC, GLD, YAC, ADT, MEC, ANC, QRK, ZET, NET, FRK, COL, SBC, FRC

VPS4ME    – http://vps4.me    – BTC, LTC, FTC, NMC, NVC, WDC, TRC, XPM, IFC, KGC, RED, BQC, CGB, DVC, CAP, DGC, GLD, YAC, SXC, ADT, MEC, ANC, QRK, ZET, NET, FRK

HostClub    – http://hostclub.me

WaterIdo – Healthy Water Revitalizer    – http://waterido.com    – BTC, LTC, FTC, NMC, PPC, NVC, WDC, TRC, XPM, IFC, KGC, RED, BQC, CGB, DVC, CAP, DGC, GLD, YAC, ADT, MEC, ANC, QRK, ZET, NET, FRK, COL   

Sarasota Slot Machines    – http://sarasotaslotmachines.com    – BTC, LTC, IFC, MEC, PayPal Passthru

GRKreations Direct    – http://grkreationsdirect.com    – BTC, LTC, FTC, NMC, PPC, NVC, WDC, TRC, XPM, IFC, KGC, RED, BQC, CGB, DVC, CAP, DGC, GLD, YAC, SXC, ADT, MEC, ANC, QRK, ZET, NET, FRK, COL, SBC, FRC, PayPal Passthru

Mining Hardware    – http://www.mininghardware.co.uk    – BTC, LTC

DuinoBits – Arduino kits (UK & Europe)    http://www.duinobits.com    – BTC, LTC

Johnsbay Flooring Co. – Flooring Material including Carpeting, Wood flooring, Laminate, Tiles.    – http://www.johnsbay.com    – BTC

Hash Rate Store    – https://www.hashratestore.com    – BTC, LTC

Coin Gas – Steam game codes for alt coins    – http://www.coingas.com    – BTC, CAP, DGC, FTC, GIL, LTC, NVC, PPC, WDC, CGB

sauce4coins    – http://sauce4coins.com    – BQC, BTC, LTC, BTB, CGB, FTC, CAP, VNC, DGC, XPM (and others if you email them)

BottleCaps Store – Itunes cards and World of tanks tokens    – http://bottlecapstore.weebly.com    – CAP’s and LTC – Canadian Orders for Itunes only

cryptosextoys    – http://www.cryptosextoys.com    – BTC, CAP, DGC, FTC, LTC, NVC, PPC, CGB, SXC

dailybit – Daily special something new everyday – http://dailybit.net    – BTC, LTC, XPM, FTC,CAP, IFC, WDC, NVC, NMC, TRC, KGC, PPC, RED, STR, WDC, Peercoins and Paypal

REDCOINSHOP – Herbal pills remedies    – http://REDCOINSHOP.com    – RED

pythonpills- Male enhancement pill    – http://pythonpills.com/red    – RED

bitcoinprbuzz – Press Release services for crypto projects – Copy Writing and content creation – Business consulting    – http://bitcoinprbuzz.com    – BTC, DVC,BTC, CGB, LTC and FST

finite by design – Coins, Pendants etc    – http://www.finitebydesign.com    – CGB

cryptothrift – Online Thrift Shop    – https://cryptothrift.com    – BTC, LTC

Litehosting- Web Hosting    – http://Litehosting.org    – BTC, LTC, NMC, XPM

ltcasics – All kinds of gift cards    – http://ltcasics.com    – LTC AltcoinTIP    – http://reddit.com/r/ALTcointip    – BTC, LTC, PPC, NMC, FTC, and XPM

DirectVoltage – alternative energy retailer    – http://DirectVoltage.com    – BTC, LTC, FTC, PPC

Sex Stories    – http://erotica4sxc.tk/about-2    – SXC

Porn Database    – http://www.porndatabase.co.uk    – SXC

3D Porn    – http://www.lynortis.com/alt-coins.php    – SXC

coinaxis    – https://coinaxis.com/    – LTC

dvc4giftcards – Giftcards    – http://dvc4giftcards.us    – DEV

Bitcora – Bitcoin templates and themes – https://bitorca.com   

Epawnatl- Pawn Shop    – http://Epawnatl.com    – FRK, BTC

Etsyshop    – http://www.etsy.com/shop/InnovoDesign    – DOGE, IFC, COL,LTC

Open Source Solutions    – http://www.iquidus.co.nz    – BTC, MEC, LTC, Earthcoins

LEALANA PHYSICAL LITECOINS…and BITCOINS – http://www.lealana.com – LTC

Evonym – http://evonym.us/ -BTC, LTC, TRC, PPC.

Minecraft Server – https://alt-co.in/minecraft/ – GME

Sexslam – http://sexslam.com – RED

All Things Luxury – http://www.allthingsluxury.biz/ – BTC, LTC

7 Pay In – Pay for mobile and ISP services/ecash/WoT/Steam/whatever – https://7pay.in/ – BTC, LTC, CL and NVC

CryptFolio – CryptFolio lets you keep track of your cryptocurrencies – http://CryptFolio.com – BTC, LTC

Bananalizard.com – Video game store – http://bananalizard.com – BTC, LTC, CGB, XPM, paypal

Tagbond.com – Merchant site hosting – http://tagbond.com – BTC, TAG

Cleverpuffin – Web Hosting – http://www.cleverpuffin.com – LTC

Bitroad – Electronics from China including tablet, phones, surveillance, security and gadgets delivered worldwide in 3-6 days (express). – http://bitroad.co.uk/ – BTC, LTC

Get More Customers – San Francisco Marketing/SEO Company – http://get-more-customers.com and http://sanfranciscoseoagency.com/cryptocurrency/ – EAC

BitCoinPINS!! – http://www.bitcoinpins.com/ – EAC

Polish SEO company – http://dodawanie.com/ – EAC

FlightSchool! Commercial pilot and flying instructor – http://www.paul-bradley.com – EAC ribbit.me – http://ribbit.me https://coinpayments.net/

Tagbond.com https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=317408

This is a list of services and games that support LottoCoin (LOT): Services:

CyberSticker service: http://www.cryptostickers.com/

Reload Creative (app/web development service): http://reloadcreative.com.au/

Advertising pixels http://www.qugetser.com/lot-map

SEO Service http://sanfranciscoseoagency.com/cryptocurrency/

Games: CoinBomb: http://coinbomb.biz/lottocoin/

Lotto Game: http://lottocoin.org/lottogame/

Another Lotto Game: http://www.keezi.com/lotto/index.php

Lotto Dice Game: http://www.lottodice.tk/

Here is a list of shops/services/games that accept EarthCoin Iquidus Technology –

Open Source Solutions – 

http://www.iquidus.co.nz/

Get More Customers – San Francisco Marketing/SEO Company – http://get-more-customers.com

http://sanfranciscoseoagency.com/cryptocurrency/

BitCoinPINS!! http://www.bitcoinpins.com/

Polish SEO company http://dodawanie.com/

FlightSchool! Commercial pilot and flying instructor http://www.paul-bradley.com

Beautiful EarthCoin Paper Wallet Generator http://earthaddress.org/

EarthCoin Gaia Game http://gaia.l8.lv/

Logo Design http://logodynamic.blogspot.ca/p/sold-logos.html

Dice Game http://earthdice.tk/

LixNez Games http://www.lixnez.com/eacgames.html

EarthRoll Game http://earthroll.l8.lv/

Kissmyweb.com – We Build Websites – Simple! http://www.kissmyweb.com BTC and DVC accepted

http://scryptstore.com Gold & Silver – Paypal direct deposits and gift cards

Healthiverse – http://healthiverse.net

TuffWraps – Athletic Wrist Wraps   – http://tuffwraps.com

Crypto Alley – The Online Digital Currency Marketplace – http://www.cryptoalley.com

Cryptmint – Precious Metal Bitcoin Wallets & Physical Coins – http://www.cryptmint.com/

Devcoin Store – http://devcoinstore.com

Crypto Store – http://cryptostore.io

Armonie Sonore – http://www.armoniesonore.com

StickerzLab – http://www.stickerzlab.com   

Trade4Bitcoin – Comics and Collectibles   http://www.trade4bitcoin.com

Scryptcoin Store – http://www.scryptstore.com 

Fine Art Source – http://out-of-court-settlement.com

NitroBacku – http://www.nitrobackup.com

Cardz4Cash – Gift, Prepaid, Game, and VoIP Cards + more – http://cardz4cash.com

Vapeur Canada – http://www.vapeurcanada.com

DOGMA Portraits – http://dogmaportraits.com

Heat4Feet – http://www.heat4feet.net

BitcoinMetals – http://www.bitcoinmetals.us

DDoS Cover – http://ddoscover.com

Doge Host – http://dogehost.co.uk

Bit Electronics – http://bitelectronics.net/

http://quickbomb.com   RED https://dicenow.com

PXL COIN – http://www.pxlcoin.com/

Here is a list of sites that accept QRK:

http://www.petscoin.com/ – Animal/Pet store, Donations to Shelters

http://www.51attack.com/ – T-Shirt makers that currently accept 31 cryptocurrencies

http://www.chasinho.org/shop/ – Tea shop in Berlin

http://www.keepitwooden.com – Custom Wooden Shot Glasses (Accepts Coinpayments)

http://www.appsforcoins.com/?currency=QRK – Apple iOS Apps

143VPN – http://143vpn.com

SimRai Game Servers – http://www.simrai.com

CryptoHosted.com – http://cryptohosted.com

The Staking Machine – TSM – http://www.thestakingmachine.com

Vox – http://www.vox-game.com/buy-with-crypto-coins/

Upchurch Design – http://upchur.ch

BTC Headshop – http://btcheadshop.com

Bitcoin Sportscards – http://bitcoinsportscards.com

ThanksBitcoin.com – http://www.thanksbitcoin.com

Those shops/services accept payment using Graincoin (GRA), many of which through CoinPayments that support Graincoin:

Wood Shot Glass http://woodshotglass.com/

Tuff Wraps http://tuffwraps.com/

Computer hardware and consumer electronics   http://brownboxtech.net

WaterIdo – Healthy Water Revitalizer http://waterido.com

Xbox Gold 48 Hour Codes – 2 for $1 http://xbox48.bugs3.com

Iquidus Technology – OpenSource Software, Hi-Performance Hardware http://www.iquidus.co.nz/

Retro Towers – Gaming Hardware http://www.retrotowers.co.uk/

Stickerz Lab – French Sticker Decorations http://stickerzlab.com/

Pixcoin – Stickers for Crypto Coins http://pixcoin.com/

Crypto GameKeys – Buy CD Keys, PSN cards, PS3/4/Vita games http://www.cryptogamekeys.com ThanksBitcoin – a Bitcoin shop http://www.thanksbitcoin.com

Advertise Service http://cryptotiler.com/

Graincoin main thread at: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=361503.0

143VPN – http://143vpn.com

SimRai Game Servers – http://www.simrai.com

CryptoHosted.com – http://cryptohosted.com

The Staking Machine – TSM – http://www.thestakingmachine.com

Vox – http://www.vox-game.com/buy-with-crypto-coins/

Upchurch Design – http://upchur.ch

BTC Headshop – http://btcheadshop.com

Bitcoin Sportscards – http://bitcoinsportscards.com

ThanksBitcoin.com – http://www.thanksbitcoin.com

Wood Shot Glass : http://woodshotglass.com/

Tuff Wraps http://tuffwraps.com/

Computer hardware and consumer electronics   http://brownboxtech.net

WaterIdo – Healthy Water Revitalizer http://waterido.com

Xbox Gold 48 Hour Codes – 2 for $1 http://xbox48.bugs3.com

Iquidus Technology – OpenSource Software, Hi-Performance Hardware http://www.iquidus.co.nz/

Retro Towers – Gaming Hardware http://www.retrotowers.co.uk/

Stickerz Lab – French Sticker Decorations http://stickerzlab.com/

Pixcoin – Stickers for Crypto Coins http://pixcoin.com/

Crypto GameKeys – Buy CD Keys, PSN cards, PS3/4/Vita games http://www.cryptogamekeys.com ThanksBitcoin – a Bitcoin shop http://www.thanksbitcoin.com

Advertise Service http://cryptotiler.com/

Gamble with Altcoins http://www.coincasino.cc – Casino that takes many coins

http://www.litecointogox.com – Bet on LTC when it comes to GOX or coinbase – BTC, LTC, FTC,IFC ,KGC, NMC, NVC, WDC, XPM, STR, RED, TRC, Peercoin

http://cryptoblackjack.kicks-ass.net – BlackJack style game – GME, DBL, MNC, LKY, WDC, DGC, BQC, PXC, PPC, GLD, MEM, DMD, EZC, FRK, CAP, IFC, KGC, CSC, CGB, HBN

http://alt-co.in/slots.php – A Slot machine – FTC, WDC, DGC, CHN, LTC, BBQ, GMC

http://REDCOINCASINO.com – Various unique gambling games – RED

http://redcoinlotto.com – Lotto – RED

http://coinjack.com/ – BlackJack – RED

http://lotto.coinworld.us/ – Multiple coin lotteries – DGC, FLC, RED, MEC, EMD, ALF, CAP, CGB, IFC, ARG, LTC, CRC

http://litecoinkamikaze.com – LTC

http://fckamikaze.com – FTC

http://minikaze.com – MNC

http://bit-loot.com – LTC

http://www.litecoinlottery.com/ – LTC

http://rapidballs.eu   – 5 Minute Lotto site – WDC, XPM, TIX, DVC

http://litecoinkamikaze.com – LTC

http://fckamikaze.com – FTC

http://minikaze.com – MNC

Provably fair Litecoin Roulette – http://www.l8.lv/ – Single Zero European Style Litecoin Roulette.

Provably Fair! DogeCoin Provably fair DogeCoin Roulette – http://dogespin.l8.lv/

Single Zero European Style Dogecoin Roulette. Provably Fair! BlackJack style game http://cryptoblackjack.kicks-ass.net/

A Slot machine http://alt-co.in/slots.php

Made with 💚 by Free Spirit
✌ & 💚


Did you find this article helpful?

If so, please consider a donation to help the evolution and development of more helpful articles in the future, and show your support for alternative articles.

Your generosity is 💚ly appreciated.

You can donate in any crypto your 💚 desires 😊

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Bitcoin (BTC) :

1P1tTNFGRZabK65RhqQxVmcMDHQeRX9dJJ


LiteCoin(LTC) :

LYAdiSpsTJ36EWCJ5HF9EGy9iWGCwoLhed


Ethereum(ETH) :

0x602e8Ca3984943cef57850BBD58b5D0A6677D856


EthereumClassic(ETC) :

0x602e8Ca3984943cef57850BBD58b5D0A6677D856


Cardano(ADA) :

addr1q88c5cccnrqy6xesszzvf7rd4tcz87klt0m0h6uvltywqe8txwmsrrqdnpq27594tyn9vz59zv0n8367lvyc2atvrzvqlvdm9d


BinanceCoin(BNB) :

bnb1wwfnkzs34knsrv2g026t458l0mwp5a3tykeylx


BitcoinCash (BCH)

1P1tTNFGRZabK65RhqQxVmcMDHQeRX9dJJ


Bitcoin SV (BSV)

1P1tTNFGRZabK65RhqQxVmcMDHQeRX9dJJ


ZCash(ZEC) :

t1fSSQX4gEhove9ngcvFafQaMPq5dtNNsNF


Dash(DASH) :

XcWmbFw1VmxEPxvF9CWdjzKXwPyDTrbMwj


Shiba(SHIB) :

0x602e8Ca3984943cef57850BBD58b5D0A6677D856


Tron(TRX) :

TCsJJkqt9xk1QZWQ8HqZHnqexR15TEowk8


Stellar(XLM) :

GBL4UKPHP2SXZ6Y3PRF3VRI5TLBL6XFUABZCZC7S7KWNSBKCIBGQ2Y54





Bitcoin and it’s History

Finance, like most human inventions, is constantly evolving.

In the beginning it was basic: food was traded for livestock, and livestock for resources like wood, or maize. It progressed to precious metal, such as silver and gold. And now, the next step in financial evolution has come to light.

This new form of currency has been constantly evolving over the past decade, developed by an unknown person and maintained by a collective group of the brightest minds in technology.

It’s a new form of money that is created and held digitally, and the most important part, of course, is that no government owns it, or decides its value – the peer-to-peer network community does.

We call this new money, ‘Bitcoin’.

Historically, U.S. currency has been based on gold – you could give a dollar to the bank and receive a set amount back in gold. In contrast, Bitcoin isn’t based on silver or gold – it’s based on mathematical proofs validated by a public ledger called blockchain technology.

Bitcoin is generated through a complex sequence of mathematical formulas that run on computers; the network shares a public ledger using blockchain technologies that record, and validate, every transaction processed.

A single institution, such as the government, does not control the Bitcoin network.

The idea behind the technology has always been – and remains – one of decentralization – that is, remaining completely independent of a central authority, like a bank, a government, or a country.

Anyone can access the open-source software that makes Bitcoin work, and its those individuals interested that maintain it.

But, who invented Bitcoin? Is it a valid and legitimate currency like USD? And why did nobody think of this before?

But before we begin, let’s talk about the creator of Bitcoin – or rather, the anonymous pseudonym that first published a concept.

How Did Bitcoin Start?

There are many questions about Bitcoin, but the most common one to be asked is, “Who created it?”

That answer is not straightforward, because the identity of the creator remains a mystery. All we have is a pseudonym – Satoshi Nakamoto.

The accounts are no longer active; the coins in his wallet have never been spent.

Satoshi Nakamoto has disappeared from the world, or so it would seem.

Fast Company recently published an article suggesting that Satoshi Nakamoto could be a group of people, including Neal King, Vladimir Oksman, and Charles Bry. Apparently, these three people filed for a patent related to secure communication just two months prior to the purchase of the Bitcoin.org domain. Perhaps it’s a coincidence; perhaps it’s not.

What we do have, however, are facts:

  • On October 31st, 2008, “Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System” was posted to a cryptography mailing list, published under the name “Satoshi Nakamoto”. The whitepaper outlined the foundation of how Bitcoin would operate.
  • On August 18, 2008, an unknown person or entity registered the Bitcoin.org domain.
  • On January 8th, 2009, the first version of Bitcoin is announced, and shortly thereafter, Bitcoin mining begins.

The mystery that surrounds Satoshi Nakamoto is fitting; privacy was a key value for both Bitcoin, and its users.

Others have tried to claim his mantle – most recently an Australian man named Craig Wright, who has since withdrawn his claim.

While we may never know who first created Bitcoin, we do know that the technology he started has left ripples in the financial industry.

Bitcoin has risen to fame thanks to individuals such as the Winklevoss twins controlling and growing the market, and major events that have defined this new technology’s existence such as the Mt. Gox Ponzi scheme disaster.

The people involved and the events that occur are a constant reminder that this market is unregulated and seem to fall in line with Satoshi Nakamoto’s goal of creating a decentralized network.

What is Bitcoin Used For?

Currency must have value to ensure stability.

The most common way for a person to judge a currency’s value is what they can use it on; Bitcoin is no different, and a host of vendors and merchants now accept it alongside, or in place of, fiat money.

One early adopter of Bitcoin was the computer retailer Dell. In fact, when Dell started accepting Bitcoin, it became one of the largest companies to do so internationally.

While the digital currency may total for just a fraction of the retailer’s total transaction volume, there are other key reasons why the growth of Bitcoin could be aboon for the retailer.

Dell reported earnings of $59 billion during 2015. Traditional transaction fees range from 2 to 3 percent of the purchase price – with Bitcoin, it’s much, much lower, nearing non-existent – saving the retailer a lot of money in the future.

Other companies, such as Expedia and Cheapair, have also started accepting Bitcoin, along with technology conglomerate Microsoft : users can add funds to their accounts with Bitcoin to purchase apps, games, and other types of digital content.

The acceptance of Bitcoin is a strategic decision on the part of these companies, most of which are reaching out to solidify their position with tech-savvy audiences.

There’s a lot of benefit to Bitcoin, and a variety of reasons for its use, including :

  • Faster Payment: Accepting wire transfers and checks is time consuming, and it can take several days for payment to clear. Bitcoin is faster and can take a matter of minutes, rather than days to process payment.
  • Lower Transaction Fees: The cost to accept Bitcoins is lower compared to other payment methods, such as credit cards or Paypal.
  • Independent of Governments: Since Bitcoin is decentralized, you own it – no authority has the right to take away your Bitcoin. People with concerns about mainstream banking systems unravelling find this a major benefit.
  • Elimination of Chargebacks: Once Bitcoin is sent, that’s it – you can’t chargeback, like you would with a credit card payment, which eliminates ‘chargeback fraud’ often used by criminals and scammers.
  • Protection Against Inflation: With a fiat currency, the government can print as much money as it desires – this drastically decreases the value of currency, and may result in inflation. In contrast, Bitcoin has a fixed number – after they have all been ‘mined’, no more Bitcoins will be created. Scarcity is an important aspect of currency which protects it from inflation.
  • Ownership of Currency: With Bitcoin, you own your coins. With other forms of digital fiat – such as Paypal – your assets may be held, and your account eventually suspending, locking you out of your earnings. Bitcoin puts you in control.

Is Bitcoin a Commodity, or a Currency?

Bitcoin is both. While it can be used to purchase items from major retailers, it’s also treated as property by government jurisdictions, such as the IRS.

The IRS issued a guide on Bitcoin for tax purposes, stating it will treat virtual currencies as property for federal purposes. They go on to state that:

In some environments, virtual currency operates like “real” currency — i.e., the coin and paper money of the United States or of any other country that is designated as legal tender, circulates, and is customarily used and accepted as a medium of exchange in the country of issuance — but it does not have legal tender status in any jurisdiction.

The notice provides that virtual currency is treated as property for U.S. federal tax purposes.

Typically, property is almost always something tangible that can be held in the physical realm.

The IRS goes on to state that:

General tax principles that apply to property transactions apply to transactions using virtual currency. Among other things, this means that:

  • Wages paid to employees using virtual currency are taxable to the employee, must be reported by an employer on a Form W-2, and are subject to federal income tax withholding and payroll taxes.
  • Payments using virtual currency made to independent contractors and other service providers are taxable and self-employment tax rules generally apply. Normally, payers must issue Form 1099.
  • The character of gain or loss from the sale or exchange of virtual currency depends on whether the virtual currency is a capital asset in the hands of the taxpayer.
  • A payment made using virtual currency is subject to information reporting to the same extent as any other payment made in property.

In addition to the IRS’s guidance, the United States Commodities Futures Trading Commission in 2015 that Bitcoin is, in fact, a commodity.

The Future of Currency

Bitcoin has garnered a lot of attention over the past decade, despite constant declarations of its death – 99 Bitcoins keeps a running tab of ‘Bitcoin obituaries’.

Despite all of this, Bitcoin’s future has remained bright. Greater adoption rates, and an increasing number of brands accepting the currency (you can get a full list qui) means the long-term view on Bitcoin is that it will see market maturity as time progresses.

Mainstream investing vehicles, such as exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and Futures trading, including Bitcoin will be a major help to reaching that market maturity. Bitcoin Futures are already trading on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME), and legislation to create a crypto ETF is in the works.

These securities will help stabilize cryptocurrency prices and mitigate volatility, which will help the public’s confidence grow in favor of Bitcoin.

It’s important to understand that, much like the early days of 1992, Bitcoin is a new technology – and new technologies can take decades to reach critical mass.

But, much like the Internet, no one wants to miss out on the ‘next big thing’ – and Bitcoin is the biggest thing yet. Constant updates are occurring to Bitcoin thanks to what is called a “hard fork”.

These constant updates ensure that digital currencies continue to experience growth through technological development.


Did you find this article helpful?

If so, please consider a donation to help the evolution and development of more helpful articles in the future, and show your support for alternative articles.

Your generosity is 💚 ly appreciated

You can donate in any crypto your 💚 desires 😊

Thank you all for your time !!!

✌ & 💚


Bitcoin (BTC) :

1P1tTNFGRZabK65RhqQxVmcMDHQeRX9dJJ

LiteCoin(LTC) :

LYAdiSpsTJ36EWCJ5HF9EGy9iWGCwoLhed

Ethereum(ETH) :

0x602e8Ca3984943cef57850BBD58b5D0A6677D856

EthereumClassic(ETC) :

0x602e8Ca3984943cef57850BBD58b5D0A6677D856

Cardano(ADA) :

addr1q88c5cccnrqy6xesszzvf7rd4tcz87klt0m0h6uvltywqe8txwmsrrqdnpq27594tyn9vz59zv0n8367lvyc2atvrzvqlvdm9d

BinanceCoin(BNB) :

bnb1wwfnkzs34knsrv2g026t458l0mwp5a3tykeylx

BitcoinCash(BCH)

1P1tTNFGRZabK65RhqQxVmcMDHQeRX9dJJ

BitcoinSV(BSV)

1P1tTNFGRZabK65RhqQxVmcMDHQeRX9dJJ

ZCash(ZEC) :

t1fSSQX4gEhove9ngcvFafQaMPq5dtNNsNF

Dash(DASH) :

XcWmbFw1VmxEPxvF9CWdjzKXwPyDTrbMwj

Shiba(SHIB) :

0x602e8Ca3984943cef57850BBD58b5D0A6677D856

Tron(TRX) :

TCsJJkqt9xk1QZWQ8HqZHnqexR15TEowk8

Stellar(XLM) :

GBL4UKPHP2SXZ6Y3PRF3VRI5TLBL6XFUABZCZC7S7KWNSBKCIBGQ2Y54

Shared with 💚 by Free Spirit

✌ & 💚

Vires In Numeris

Vires In Numeris

” It isn’t obvious that the world had to work this way.

But somehow the universe smiles on encryption.”

Julian Assange

Nobody yet knows for sure if the universe’s smile is genuine or not.

It is possible that our assumption of mathematical asymmetries is wrong and we find that P actually equals NP, or we find surprisingly quick solutions to specific problems which we currently assume to be hard.

If that should be the case, cryptography as we know it will cease to exist, and the implications would most likely change the world beyond recognition.

Vires in Numeris”

=

“Strength in Numbers”

epii

Vires in numeris is not only a catchy motto used by bitcoiners.

The realization that there is an unfathomable strength to be found in numbers is a profound one.

Understanding this, and the inversion of existing power balances which it enables changed my view of the world and the future which lies ahead of us.

One direct result of this is the fact that you don’t have to ask anyone for permission to participate in Bitcoin.

There is no page to sign up, no company in charge, no government agency to send application forms to.

Simply generate a large number and you are pretty much good to go.

The central authority of account creation is mathematics.

And God only knows who is in charge of that.

Elliptic curve examples (cc-by-sa Emmanuel Boutet)

Bitcoin is built upon our best understanding of reality.

While there are still many open problems in physics, computer science, and mathematics, we are pretty sure about some things.

That there is an asymmetry between finding solutions and validating the correctness of these solutions is one such thing.

That computation needs energy is another one.

In other words: finding a needle in a haystack is harder than checking if the pointy thing in your hand is indeed a needle or not.

And finding the needle takes work.

The vastness of Bitcoin’s address space is truly mind-boggling.

The number of private keys even more so. It is fascinating how much of our modern world boils down to the improbability of finding a needle in an unfathomably large haystack.

I am now more aware of this fact than ever.

Bitcoin taught me that there is strength in numbers.

Shared with 💚 by Free Spirit✌ & 💚

Door of Opportunity…

Oliver Napoleon Hill (October 26, 1883 – November 8, 1970) was an American  self-help author.

He is best known for his book Think and Grow Rich (1937), which is among the 10 best-selling self-help books of all time.

Hill's works insisted that fervid expectations are essential to improving one's life.

Most of his books were promoted as expounding principles to achieve "success".
Napoleon Hill

Born : October 26, 1883
Pound, Virginia, U.S.

Died : November 8, 1970 (aged 87)
Greenville, South Carolina, U.S.

Occupation : Author,  journalist,  salesman, lecturer

Citizenship : American

Period : 1928–1970

Genre : Non-fiction, self-help


Notable works :

Think and Grow Rich (1937)
• The Law of Success (1928)
Outwitting the Devil (1938)

Spouse :

Florence Elizabeth Horner (1910–1935)

Rosa Lee Beeland (1937–1940?)

Annie Lou Norman (1943–1970)

Children : 3


Hill is, in modern times, a controversial figure.

Accused of fraud, modern historians also doubt many of his claims, such as that he met Andrew Carnegie and that he was an attorney.

Gizmodo has called him "the most famous conman you've probably never heard of".

Did you find this article helpful?

If so, please consider a donation to help the evolution and development of more helpful articles in the future, and show your support for alternative articles.

Your generosity is 💚 ly appreciated

You can donate in any crypto your 💚 desires 😊

Thank you all for your time !!!

✌ & 💚


Bitcoin (BTC) :

1P1tTNFGRZabK65RhqQxVmcMDHQeRX9dJJ

LiteCoin(LTC) :

LYAdiSpsTJ36EWCJ5HF9EGy9iWGCwoLhed

Ethereum(ETH) :

0x602e8Ca3984943cef57850BBD58b5D0A6677D856

EthereumClassic(ETC) :

0x602e8Ca3984943cef57850BBD58b5D0A6677D856

Cardano(ADA) :

addr1q88c5cccnrqy6xesszzvf7rd4tcz87klt0m0h6uvltywqe8txwmsrrqdnpq27594tyn9vz59zv0n8367lvyc2atvrzvqlvdm9d

BinanceCoin(BNB) :

bnb1wwfnkzs34knsrv2g026t458l0mwp5a3tykeylx

BitcoinCash (BCH)

1P1tTNFGRZabK65RhqQxVmcMDHQeRX9dJJ

Bitcoin SV (BSV)

1P1tTNFGRZabK65RhqQxVmcMDHQeRX9dJJ

ZCash(ZEC) :

t1fSSQX4gEhove9ngcvFafQaMPq5dtNNsNF

Dash(DASH) :

XcWmbFw1VmxEPxvF9CWdjzKXwPyDTrbMwj

Shiba(SHIB) :

0x602e8Ca3984943cef57850BBD58b5D0A6677D856

Tron(TRX) :

TCsJJkqt9xk1QZWQ8HqZHnqexR15TEowk8

Stellar(XLM) :

GBL4UKPHP2SXZ6Y3PRF3VRI5TLBL6XFUABZCZC7S7KWNSBKCIBGQ2Y54

Made with 💚 by Free Spirit

✌ & 💚